Literature Work- To Autumn

To Autumn-Bravo and Castagnino


-As we know, Autumn and Spring are different seasons in the year. In the season of Autumn, the signal is that summer is finally over, and leaves fall from trees. Although it may be a nice season, it is a season which conveys a bit of sadness, as summer representing happiness is gone, and now it’s time to re adapt to reality.

Spring, on the other hand, refers to the season in which winter ends, and it starts getting hotter and sunnier, representing rebirth, as leaves grow, plants grow, and new flowers emerge. Spring may be a happier season.


-First of all, the structure of both is very similar. The length of the verses are quite alike, the amount of these are similar too and the number of stanzas is the same.

Second, we can see how death is presented in different ways and places in both poems. In Ode on Melancholy, death is clearly presented in the first stanza while in To Autumn death appears in the last stanzas in a more fuzzy way, not as clear as in the first poem.

Also, both present nature and through it beauty. Ode to Melancholy refers to a rose while to autumn talk constantly about fruit.


-The song we chose is “Feeling Good” by Nina Simone. We chose this song as it constantly refers to nature, from the free animals to fruit blooming, and the feelings of the singer in order to it.


-For me, every season if the year has a hidden beauty that it’s just up to yourself whether you learn how to appreciate it or not.

I believe autumn may represent a melancholic and quite sad season, as it represents the end of summer, and so the end of being fully free, but still, for me it’s a necessary season, as in the end, we all must return to our routines and duties. As Autumn begins, we are forced to leave behind some summer friends, and get adapted to our realities once again, assuming our responsibilities. In autumn, I try to take advantage from the day as much as possible, as in a very near future, winter will eventually arrive, and days will get a lot shorter and colder.

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Trabajo Literatura- Grupo Base

Grupo base 5- Bravo, Costamagna y Frías

Biografía de Garcia Lorca

Prendimiento de Antoñito el Camborio en el camino de Sevilla

Antonio Torres Heredia,
hijo y nieto de Camborios,
con una vara de mimbre
va a Sevilla a ver los toros.
Moreno de verde luna
anda despacio y garboso.
Sus empavonados bucles
le brillan entre los ojos.
A la mitad del camino
cortó limones redondos,
y los fue tirando al agua
hasta que la puso de oro.
Y a la mitad del camino,
bajo las ramas de un olmo,
guardia civil caminera
lo llevó codo con codo.


El día se va despacio,
la tarde colgada a un hombro,
dando una larga torera
sobre el mar y los arroyos.
Las aceitunas aguardan
la noche de Capricornio,
y una corta brisa, ecuestre,
salta los montes de plomo.
Antonio Torres Heredia,
hijo y nieto de Camborios,
viene sin vara de mimbre
entre los cinco tricornios.

Antonio, ¿quién eres tú?
Si te llamaras Camborio,
hubieras hecho una fuente
de sangre con cinco chorros.
Ni tú eres hijo de nadie,
ni legítimo Camborio.
¡Se acabaron los gitanos
que iban por el monte solos!
Están los viejos cuchillos
tiritando bajo el polvo.

A las nueve de la noche
lo llevan al calabozo,
mientras los guardias civiles
beben limonada todos.
Y a las nueve de la noche
le cierran el calabozo,
mientras el cielo reluce
como la grupa de un potro.


Estructura y Formas:

El poema cuenta con 4 estrofas con verso libre.

Repetición del nombre completo de el personaje. No hay sistema de rima.



Lorca nos presenta a este hombre con nombre y apellidos y origen de su familia. Antonio va a disfrutar de la tarde de toros. Lorca también describe brevemente a este hombre, físicamente, refiriéndose a su pelo negro y sus ojos.

Sin embargo, Antonio no llega a la plaza. La guardia civil se lo lleva, uno a cada lado del hombro. La tarde se alarga, como la de una corrida de toros, y todo lo que le ocurre pasa cerca del mar. Los guardias civiles asustan a Antonio con los caballos, disparos, etc. Lo llevan al calabozo rodeado por más guardias y prisioneros.

Le dicen que no es un hijo ilegítimo ya que, de serlo, lo hubieran asesinado. Para la guardia civil no es nadie. Amenazan a los gitanos con matarlos si los ven solos para que tengan miedo. El poeta nos dice la hora a la que lo metieron preso. Para ellos es algo rutinario y siguen con lo suyo. Antonio se siente como un animal, enjaulado.

Desgraciadamente, el poeta nos ofrece un hecho cotidiano en aquellos tiempos. Nos pone nuevamente frente a la guardia civil, que era sinónimo de represión, de asesinatos, de miedo, que con total impunidad podía hacer o deshacer sin tener que dar parte a nadie. Por otro lado, también nos ofrece ese odio extremo que había hacia los gitanos y cómo no eran más que personas a las que dañar, incluso sin  motivos.

Esta crudeza que nos muestra García Lorca en estos versos se nos muestra también de una manera poética. Los métodos represivos utilizados por la guardia civil eran conocidos y el transmitirlos en verso no hacía otra cosa que poner por escrito lo que todo el mundo ya conocía, lo que muchas personas habían ya experimentado. Sin embargo Lorca da un paso más y nos lo presenta de una interesante manera.

Publicado en 5AC2018, lengua, literatura | Deja un comentario

Literature Work Journey

Journey by Patricia Grace

Bravo, Tasca, Millán, Quiroga, Allende and Reynal


Write briefly about the context (setting)
New Zealand
Maoris/Pakehas (their relationship to the land). Why do Maori spiritual beliefs favour burial over cremation?
Process of colonization and decolonization

-The story is settled in New Zealand, in the 1980s, in a context of post colonisation, where different tribes live together, such as the Maoris and Pakehas, who favour burial over cremation as for them land is sacred, and people must be forever attached to it. Although these tribes had lived in the country for very long, they are still unrespected and mistreated.


The story

Analysis on the story

Group work:

Answer the following questions in a google presentation (June 29)

1) What is the purpose of the old man’s journey?

-The purpose of his journey is to avoid his land being taken away from him, in order to fight for it to be kept by his family. A businessman wants to take his land away from him in order to build a parking Lot. In a way, this journey is kind of  metaphoric as in fact, it refers to this man’s life journey.


2) To what extent did the officials listen to the old man? Find a quote that supports your point of view and suggest what tone the remarks are made in.

The officials did not listen to the man at all.

“Get out old man, do you hear” the tone is cold and distant, they want him to leave.


3)‘And anyway Sir there’s no advantage do you think in you people all living in the same area.’ Why do the authorities think there isn’t any benefit to the family living close together?

This officials do not have the custom and the appreciation that  the maoris ( the old man ) have.

However, the young no longer have any special feeling for their land.


The Maoris had close emotional bonds with their land; personal land was always divided among the family; that way land stayed with the same family. Though the old man appreciates some of the new things that the authorities have introduced, he feels happiest when he sees things that remain “the same”. He cherishes old things and old friends.


4)‘Why does the old man want to be cremated instead of buried?


He wants to be cremated because he believes that burying someone is not longer safe as materialistic Industrialists may dig up his bones and transfer it somewhere else.


5) How do the opening two paragraphs and the closing passage from ‘They were quiet wondering if he would say anything else,…’ reflect the Uncle’s changing mood?


At the beginning of the story the man is optimistic and excited about his journey to town, where he attempts to claim the land that belongs to him to his family even before his death. After he comes back, he is really frustrated and disappointed as he realized that all what Pakehas think all the time is about development, where they change to make the land suitable for housing and railway and make the natural patterns be are altered forever.


6) Why do you think the story concludes with Uncle ‘looking at the palm of his hands’

The fact that the old man looks at the palms of his hands while sitting on his bed is something important. By looking at his hands he may again realise how physically and symbolically powerless he actually is. Earlier in the story he wanted to hit Paul with his hands but knew that he no longer had the power.


7) Grace employs a motif of blindness / sight throughout the story, why do you think?‘


‘Yes he knows all about those things, he’s not deaf and blind yet, not only by a long shot.’
’…they’ve got the name of the canoes spelt wrong, his old eyes aren’t as blind as that.’

‘His eyes are still good enough to look all over the paper and see his land there, and to see that his land has been shaded in and ‘Off Street Parking’ printed on it.


  • I believe this is done with purpose of conveying different facts. Firstly, this sense of blindness is used by Grace to show how old the old man was, and in a way weak and vulnerable, as he was alone and did not have a good sight, what conveys pity as well. Furthermore, I believe this is used as well to show how amusing the land was, as in a way they were so great and important that where too much for the human eye and may blind the old man’s eye. Finally Grace may have used this sense of blindness to show how mentally blind the old man was, as he couldn’t realize he had nothing to do in his journey but to admire nature and land one more time, as in fact, he was alone in his struggle to save his land, had no real support, and had no real chance against those ambitious businessmen. Still, he moved on and couldn’t see he had already lost.


7) Why do you think Grace gave the ‘a’ in admiration a capital letter in this phrase; ‘..and roadways threading up and round the hills to layer on layer of houses, even in the highest and steepest places. He was filled with admiration. Filled with Admiration…but yes he was filled right to the top-it made him tired taking it all in.’?


The author, gave a capital letter to emphasize the irony, because he is not really feeling that admiration.


8) Comment closely on the ending of the story.


-Finally, The old man is treated as a fool and returns home lost and hands empty, as he has failed in his, maybe futulous attempt of maintaining his land and not losing against the businessmen. In the end, the old man achieved nothing and disappointed not only himself but his family, as he wasn’t able to maintain his land in his family. We may say that in a way he failed towards his tribe, as he wasn’t able to protect his own land, considered sacred.


  • Extension Questions (July 4)

    a. Write at least two sentences on how the old man views the land and the way the Pakeha have ‘developed it’?  Do embed a short quote into each sentence.


  • Land, what a glorious thing to dedicate time to. Its rich in life… I can’t imagine what life could have been before, without the interfering of this Pakehas. ‘Funny people these pakehas, had to chop up everything. Couldn’t talk to a hill or a tree these people, couldn’t give the trees or the hills a name and make them special and leave them. Couldn’t go round, only through. Couldn’t give life, only death.’
  • When I go burn me up. No one’s going to mess about with me when I’m gone”. The old man sees land as something fully sacred and divine, something that must be respected and adored, but for him, this land has been unrespected, and the government has damaged it, that’s why he believes that the land he knew was now gone, and he did not really belong to it anymore. In addition, he could not protect his own land, so he may not deserve to be buried In it.


  1. Use the quotes below / overleaf, or others from the text and your knowledge of the old man’s character to write at least two sentences on what kind of person he is. Do include an embedded quote in each sentence.

-The old man is a very honorable and devoted person, as he tries hard and does everything he can in order to save his land, honour his tribe and fights to retain the land for his family, although he fails. “Yes, he knows this place like his own big toe…”


– The old man may be stubborn person, as well as an old fashion one, as he takes too long to understand that he had no real chance of protecting his land and defeating the business man. He cannot understand he had already failed. “but people have to have houses”.

  1. What is your opinion on how Grace has structured the story: consider the physical journey, opening and ending taxi rides, and the reader’s journey
    In my opinion, Grace gives with the structure of the story the messages of the story an also build up the themes and tones of the characters. With the taxi rides the old man notices the changes of everything, The difference that time has brought. As a reader we follow the old man journey as more as a physical journey, as a soul journey, were he completes his transition and ends up understanding that he had failed saving his land.

Individual work: choose an option to write an essay

1.Discuss the narrator’s character in ‘Journey’ by Patricia Grace, to what extent do you sympathise with his attitude to the land?
2. How does Grace make you feel about the elderly narrator in Journey?

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Futility, Literature presentation

With my partners Juan Cruz and Salvador we developed the following presentation about futility a poem written by Wilfred Owen.



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History Work-Radio Programme


Part A.

Make 3/4 questions to your interviewee. Provide the answers to your questions. Make sure your questions are a reflection of the times, the political, social and economic context as well as a clear example of the character that is being interviewed.

Part B.

Get together with those in your same area: Inventions – The Art – Society.

Together with those in your same area, prepare an opinion panel on ONE of the following:

  1. The role of women.
  2. Changes in health.
  3. Working conditions.
  4. Religion.
  5. The Arts.

Part C.

Make a jingle to use as a separation between the two parts of the radio programme. Make sure your jingle is on a topic related to the times of the Industrial Revolution.



I first worked with Lucía Frías and did an interview to the historical chracter we had previously chosen: Friedrich Engels. In the interview we asked her several questions related to his whole life, and his origins and achievements as a communist leader.

-Mr. Engels, it is a pleasure to have you in our program!

+It is a pleasure to be here.

-You were invited here to talk about your life and communism… So, we would love to know about your family and your background. Where were you born?

+I  was born on 28 November 1820 in Barmen, Prussia. I lived with my protestant parents.


– Don’t you find being an atheist and having religious parents ironic?


+I don’t think so. My family is also very wealthy because they own a cotton textile manufacturer. When I was 17, I dropped out of school, and my father forced me to work in an office. They tried to instill me their values and their appreciation for money.


-And how did they react towards your revolutionary acts?


+They were very disappointed and they could not believe it. You previously asked about the irony of contradicting my parents’ belief. My answer for that, is that when you try very hard to transform someone into something that you want, that person will rebel due to the pressure.


-That is a very good point! Now, please tell us a bit about this book you wrote, The Communist Manifesto. What is it about?


+ Well, firstly, I believe is important to know that this book was written not only by me but also by my dear friend, Karl Marx. In our manifesto, we show the world the essence of the communist ideology, and our ideas of how to change the world, and work together towards equality and justice. With this book, Karl and I are leaving a great legacy behind, when we die, Communism will still be alive in our followers, and the communist manifesto will become a sacred text, as our beliefs will forever be on it.


-Interesting. Now, to conclude, you seem to have great respect and admiration for Marx. Could you tell us what he represents for you?


+Well, Karl is more than a friend to me, he is a role model, someone I idolize, maybe a mentor. He is very important for me, as in a way he took me where I am now, and introduced me to a whole new world, the world of communism, equality and justice.


-Perfect! you are a very brave and interesting person Mr. Engels, thank you very much.


+No, thank you.

Publicado en 5AC2018, history | Deja un comentario

Trabajo Historia- Grupo B Rusia 2018

Esta es mi presentación de historia, sobre los países que integran el grupo B del mundial de Rusia 2018. Yo trabajé con Felix Okecki, Salvador Castagnino y Juan Cruz Subirá.

Grupo B

Publicado en 5AC2018, historia | Deja un comentario

Language Work-Describing Places

-Describe the places in detail

-Describe the situation (use your imagination) and the feelings of the people.

-Think about the mood

Post your text in the blog.

Photo 5

Photo 6

I chose photos 5 and 6. I believe photo 5 is about a young man, probably in his twenties, who goes to a hard university, and has chosen a difficult career. This man, let’s call him of tom,seems to be a smart but lazy man, who is having an important test pretty soon, but was too lazy to study with time, and now he has to study late at night, in order to obtain a good mark.

As the photo shows, Tom is not too lonely as well, as he is in his home, wit many booklets and more then just one computer. Tom seems to be very exhausted, too burdened and discouraged, and seems to have complications with his studying, as he conveys an interesting mood of exhaustment and boreness, as he is falling asleep in his own table. In addition, the table is full of coffee as well, making emphasis to the mood the image presents, and the fact that Tom is very tired and accompanied, showing as well how coffe acted for him as a “motivator” or a tool to remain awake.

On the other hand, I believe photo 6 can be linked with 5,  as it can be seen as a university campus. The atmosphere seems to be a friendly but tense one, as the place is crowded, people are kind of divided in groups of friends, as each of them seems to be focusing probably in an exam. Moreover, we can say that the season of the year is probably winter in the image, as everybody is wearing many clothes. Also, the place seems to be very modern, for students to easily access, study and get entertained as well.Finally, going back to Tom, who seemed tired and tense in image 5, we could interpret he is now with his friends here in the university campus. He may have already finished his test, and probably he had done well, and now just wants to relax in the campus, in a cold, but friendly and relaxing atmosphere.

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Language Work-Vocabulary

Together with Tin Reynal, Salvador Castagnino and Felix Okecki we made the following mindmap:

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Friedrich Engels-History activity

In history With my partner Lulu Frías, we created a fake Instagram about the famous German communist Friedrich Engels.



Publicado en 5AC2018, history | Deja un comentario

My son the fanatic activity

In Literature, with Pato, we read the atost my son the fanatic. Then, with Eugenia, Juan Cruz and Salvador we carried out the following tasks.

Task 1

  1. What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?

-At the beginning of the story, we are able to see how difficult is is for parvez to communicate with Ali, as he works for long hours, and has not much time to spend with his son. Moreover, Parvez culture is a very particular one, in which most things are already established, and he does not really know how to approach to his son, as he has never been taught how to do it. As a consequence, he does not really know how to be a father or how to be a model for Ali. In addition, through the story, this difficulties to communicate become more clear due to Parvez and Ali’s ideological differences, which in a way destroy their already poor relationship, and leave in evidence Parvez’s fear towards his son.


  1. What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?

-Parvez dream for his son is for him to take advantage of all his father’s effort and hard work, by working hard with his education and becoming an accountant. He also dreams for Ali adapting as an English man, a “normal” man.


  1. How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
  2. Parvez
  3. Ali
  4. Bettina

-Parvez is a very hard working and devoted man, but a bit stubborn and disloyal, as he tries to adapt to the English life becoming something he really wasn’t, and also betraying his wife having a lover. In the end, he is just a not too intelligent man who has communication problems and just cares about his son’s future.

Ali, is a very strange but fanatic young man, who is loyal and original, and is willing to sacrifice everything for his religion. In a way, he is also a selfish character, as he ignores everything his father has done for him.

Finally, Bettina is a good poor woman, who is merciful as she feels sad for Parvez and his son. Her job is highly considered beneath one’s dignity, but she still keeps going, so we may say she is brave as well.


  1. How would you describe the following relationships?
  2. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story
  3. Parvez and Ali at the end of the story
  4. Parvez and Bettina
  5. Parvez and his coworkers
  6. Parvez and his wife

a.The relation is quite mysterious as Parvez is worried of Ali’s changes in mood and their lack of communication.

b.This is a really violent and toxic relation, Parvez even seems to try to kill Ali thanks to his lack of obedience.

c.They have a really private relation, Bettina acts like Parvez’s wife talking with him about his problems and giving him “a ride for a ride”.

d.Parvez and his coworkers seem to be really good friends as he goes put with them to drink something, talk and have fun, when his is not working or sleeping.

e.This is probably the weakest relation in the story as Parvez barely talks to his wife and gives almost no participation to her in his life and his son’s life.


  1. What advice does Bettina give Parvez?

Bettina advised several times to Parvez. For instance when he suggests to look into Alis eyes in order to know whether he was consuming or not. Also, and the most important thing, is that Bettina suggests to parvez to talk to Ali about what was going on. To communicate with is son.


  1. What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?

-The memory which haunts Parvez from Pakistan, goes back to his childhood. He did not a have a clear model to follow, he did not have too much food to eat and develop properly, and he did not have a good education to grow up well and understand the world as it was.


  1. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?

-The rule that Ali criticizes the most is the constant drinking of alcohol. Parvez is constantly drinking  “he went more often to the whisky bottle, even when he was at work”. Also he ate crispy bacon, which was forbidden by the Koran. The western culture was full of hypocrites, adulters, homosexualsm drug usres and prostitutes.


  1. Why does Parvez like England?

Parvez likes England since it has nothing to do with  Pakistan. Parvez worked so hard in order to be able to leave Pakistan, and England represents, in a way, all that effort he put in order to be able to have a better life, with good conditions.  Parvez had spent lots of money to give his son the best of possibilities. In fact the son is able to study, something his father was not lucky enough to do.


in opposition to his father, since it has nothing to do with his roots, and their traditions. In addition, his religion and true nationality are not fully accepted. Also London represents the capitalist world which blames them for all the problems in the middle east.  


  1. Why does Ali hate London?

Ali hates London for two main reasons. First, people in London don’t live according to the Quran and its rules, they drink alcohol, they eat pork, they accept prostitutes and none of them prays. Second, Ali says that London was attacking his people which is actually true as England, among other countries, bombarded and damaged muslim countries and communities more than ones in pursuit of power and fortune. Also, London doesn’t fully accepts muslims, so many of them have to adapt to a religion and culture which is alien to them.

  1. What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?

Probably the last straw which turned Parvez into a violent man was the fact that Ali didn’t even glance when his father entered angry to the room, in a sense of indifference towards the figure of his father. In addition, Ali was not simply avoiding his father but also praying muslim prayers which were not accepted by Parvez who was immersed in the occidental culture.

  1. What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?

In the last line of the story Ali says “So who’s the fanatic now?”, after being kicked and aggressed by his father because of being considered a muslim fanatic by Pervez. This phrase has a lot of meaning in the story as it shifts the roles of the characters, Parvez from a peaceful guy to a fanatic and Ali from a muslim fanatic to a peaceful muslim. With this Ali means that the one who is a fanatic is his father as his is willing to sacrifice the life of his son in order to protect his thoughts or even the thought that were imposed to him, after Parvex accusing Ali of being a fanatic.


Task 2

Complete the plot diagram online


Exposition: Parvez discovers his son Ali has no real plans for his future, but to devote himself to his religion, as he discovers he is a truly extremist fanatic.

Rising action: Ali, shows his total opposition to the English society (when he is in the car with Parvez and Bettina), and his clear idea of standing for his ideals and religion. He also insults both Bettina and his father, causing a rise in tension.

Climax: Parvez full of rage hits Ali several time, damaging his body but not his feelings.

Falling action: The falling action takes place when Ali asks Parvez “Who is the fanatic now?” stopping the aggression and causing the resolution.

Resolution: Relationship between father and son is destroyed, they will probably stop coexisting in Parvez’s house.

Task 3

Finally, choose one of the following tasks to write between 450 and 600 words

a. write a different ending of the story.

b. write a letter to Parvez showing empathy.

c. write the story from the point of view of the mother.

Always take into account context, culture and traditions!!

Task 1 and 2 must be posted in your blog and can be solved in pairs.

Task  3 is individual and must be handed in on Friday May 4 (on paper)

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario