Language Work-Vocabulary

Together with Tin Reynal, Salvador Castagnino and Felix Okecki we made the following mindmap:

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Friedrich Engels-History activity

In history With my partner Lulu Frías, we created a fake Instagram about the famous German communist Friedrich Engels.

Engels

 

Publicado en 5AC2018, history | Deja un comentario

My son the fanatic activity

In Literature, with Pato, we read the atost my son the fanatic. Then, with Eugenia and Salvador we carried out the following tasks.

Task 1

  1. What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?

-At the beginning of the story, we are able to see how difficult is is for parvez to communicate with Ali, as he works for long hours, and has not much time to spend with his son. Moreover, Parvez culture is a very particular one, in which most things are already established, and he does not really know how to approach to his son, as he has never been taught how to do it. As a consequence, he does not really know how to be a father or how to be a model for Ali. In addition, through the story, this difficulties to communicate become more clear due to Parvez and Ali’s ideological differences, which in a way destroy their already poor relationship, and leave in evidence Parvez’s fear towards his son.

 

  1. What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?

-Parvez dream for his son is for him to take advantage of all his father’s effort and hard work, by working hard with his education and becoming an accountant. He also dreams for Ali adapting as an English man, a “normal” man.

 

  1. How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
  2. Parvez
  3. Ali
  4. Bettina

-Parvez is a very hard working and devoted man, but a bit stubborn and disloyal, as he tries to adapt to the English life becoming something he really wasn’t, and also betraying his wife having a lover. In the end, he is just a not too intelligent man who has communication problems and just cares about his son’s future.

Ali, is a very strange but fanatic young man, who is loyal and original, and is willing to sacrifice everything for his religion. In a way, he is also a selfish character, as he ignores everything his father has done for him.

Finally, Bettina is a good poor woman, who is merciful as she feels sad for Parvez and his son. Her job is highly considered beneath one’s dignity, but she still keeps going, so we may say she is brave as well.

 

  1. How would you describe the following relationships?
  2. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story
  3. Parvez and Ali at the end of the story
  4. Parvez and Bettina
  5. Parvez and his coworkers
  6. Parvez and his wife

a.The relation is quite mysterious as Parvez is worried of Ali’s changes in mood and their lack of communication.

b.This is a really violent and toxic relation, Parvez even seems to try to kill Ali thanks to his lack of obedience.

c.They have a really private relation, Bettina acts like Parvez’s wife talking with him about his problems and giving him “a ride for a ride”.

d.Parvez and his coworkers seem to be really good friends as he goes put with them to drink something, talk and have fun, when his is not working or sleeping.

e.This is probably the weakest relation in the story as Parvez barely talks to his wife and gives almost no participation to her in his life and his son’s life.

 

  1. What advice does Bettina give Parvez?

Bettina advised several times to Parvez. For instance when he suggests to look into Alis eyes in order to know whether he was consuming or not. Also, and the most important thing, is that Bettina suggests to parvez to talk to Ali about what was going on. To communicate with is son.

 

  1. What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?

-The memory which haunts Parvez from Pakistan, goes back to his childhood. He did not a have a clear model to follow, he did not have too much food to eat and develop properly, and he did not have a good education to grow up well and understand the world as it was.

 

  1. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?

-The rule that Ali criticizes the most is the constant drinking of alcohol. Parvez is constantly drinking  “he went more often to the whisky bottle, even when he was at work”. Also he ate crispy bacon, which was forbidden by the Koran. The western culture was full of hypocrites, adulters, homosexualsm drug usres and prostitutes.

 

  1. Why does Parvez like England?

Parvez likes England since it has nothing to do with  Pakistan. Parvez worked so hard in order to be able to leave Pakistan, and England represents, in a way, all that effort he put in order to be able to have a better life, with good conditions.  Parvez had spent lots of money to give his son the best of possibilities. In fact the son is able to study, something his father was not lucky enough to do.

 

in opposition to his father, since it has nothing to do with his roots, and their traditions. In addition, his religion and true nationality are not fully accepted. Also London represents the capitalist world which blames them for all the problems in the middle east.  

 

  1. Why does Ali hate London?

Ali hates London for two main reasons. First, people in London don’t live according to the Quran and its rules, they drink alcohol, they eat pork, they accept prostitutes and none of them prays. Second, Ali says that London was attacking his people which is actually true as England, among other countries, bombarded and damaged muslim countries and communities more than ones in pursuit of power and fortune. Also, London doesn’t fully accepts muslims, so many of them have to adapt to a religion and culture which is alien to them.

  1. What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?

Probably the last straw which turned Parvez into a violent man was the fact that Ali didn’t even glance when his father entered angry to the room, in a sense of indifference towards the figure of his father. In addition, Ali was not simply avoiding his father but also praying muslim prayers which were not accepted by Parvez who was immersed in the occidental culture.

  1. What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?

In the last line of the story Ali says “So who’s the fanatic now?”, after being kicked and aggressed by his father because of being considered a muslim fanatic by Pervez. This phrase has a lot of meaning in the story as it shifts the roles of the characters, Parvez from a peaceful guy to a fanatic and Ali from a muslim fanatic to a peaceful muslim. With this Ali means that the one who is a fanatic is his father as his is willing to sacrifice the life of his son in order to protect his thoughts or even the thought that were imposed to him, after Parvex accusing Ali of being a fanatic.

 

Task 2

Complete the plot diagram online

 

Exposition: Parvez discovers his son Ali has no real plans for his future, but to devote himself to his religion, as he discovers he is a truly extremist fanatic.

Rising action: Ali, shows his total opposition to the English society (when he is in the car with Parvez and Bettina), and his clear idea of standing for his ideals and religion. He also insults both Bettina and his father, causing a rise in tension.

Climax: Parvez full of rage hits Ali several time, damaging his body but not his feelings.

Falling action: The falling action takes place when Ali asks Parvez “Who is the fanatic now?” stopping the aggression and causing the resolution.

Resolution: Relationship between father and son is destroyed, they will probably stop coexisting in Parvez’s house.

Task 3

Finally, choose one of the following tasks to write between 450 and 600 words

a. write a different ending of the story.

b. write a letter to Parvez showing empathy.

c. write the story from the point of view of the mother.

Always take into account context, culture and traditions!!

Task 1 and 2 must be posted in your blog and can be solved in pairs.

Task  3 is individual and must be handed in on Friday May 4 (on paper)

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Connectors Quiz

Together with Salvador and Juan Cruz we did the following quiz

Connectors Quiz

 

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

The Evolution of Capitalism

Together with Juan Cruz Subirá and Jose Tasca, we did this mind map for our history class about the evolution of capitalism.

Capitalism

Publicado en 5AC2018, history | 1 comentario

Vocabulary related to Happiness

In class, with Pato, we got divided in groups and created the following presentation about vocabulary of happiness.

Publicado en 5AC2018, language, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Evening in Paradise Activity

In class with Pato, we had to read the poem Evening in Paradise and we then had to complete the following task

 

Before reading the poem, do research on John Milton.


-What kind of writer was he? Explain.

 

Milton was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England. Milton’s poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day. He belonged to Romantic poetry and was also known as a metaphysical poet. This meant he inclined to the personal and intellectual complexity and concentration in his poems. Metaphysical poetry is less concerned with expressing feeling than with analyzing it, using especially obliquity, irony, and paradox often reinforced by a dramatic directness of language and by rhythms derived from that of living speech.

-He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?


Paradise Lost is an epic poem written in blank verse. The poem, said to be his mayor work, narrates a story about Satan and about Adam and Eve. In the poem, Milton tries to show his opposition to the English church and what it represented.


-Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words. (work on vocabulary)

 

This beautiful poem is an extract from the whole poem Paradise Lost. In it, Milton tries to describe Adam and Eve’s life in Paradise and at the same time shows the war between God and Satan. Moreover, it’s very interesting to see Milton’s descriptions of the weather and nature, as they are too vivid and portray a nice image of Dusk, also showing the Paradise’s beauty. In addition, Milton provides a different view from Catholicism as he gives many unrealistic qualities to Eden or the Paradise.  Finally, Milton also conveys a lot of tranquility, as he describes a lot the night and as a time to relax and rest.

Here’s a SlideShare Pato made with important information about the poem and the writer: evening in Paradise

 

Task 1- The following quote provides an analogy between evening and parafise: “Silence accompanied, for beast and bird, they to their grassy couch, these to their nests were slunk”, Night or evening is portrayed as peaceful, silent, made for rest, which shows a similarity to heaven or Paradise as it is shown as tranquil,  and relaxing where a final peace can be achieved.

Task 2-

Day and night: “Now came still evening on”.

Nature: “beast and bird, they to their grassy couch, these to their nests”.

Jewels: “Now glowed with living sapphires”

 

Task 3-literary Devices:

Enjambment is used by the writer to set a rhythm and to catch the reader’s attention.

Alliteration: “these to their nests were slunk”. It is used to express an emotional charge, to highlight the idea that at night it is as if animals must go and rest. Anaphora is used when two lines start with the word “Silence”. This is to emphasize the atmosphere of tranquility  that ruled the night.

-Task 4

Yes, I believe that In this scene a clear connection is made between peace and funeral. In the end, we can link peace with sleep or end of suffering, but we can also link funerals with death and death as well relates with sleep. Finally, death is something common and natural, we are all going to die some day and we are probably going to have a funeral and with dead we understand we can obtain a final relief, a natural ethernal sleep.

-Task 5- we did it together in class.

 

 

 

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Trabajo Literatura

En Literatura, con Juan Cruz Subirá, Alina Claros, Francesca Costamagna y Victoria Lupi completamos las siguientes consignas.

 

Trabajo Literatura

 

Leer el texto y decir si es Literatura

  • Explicar por qué creen que es Literatura o por que creen que no
  • Identificar un elemento esencial por el cual crees que es Literatura
  • Describir los rasgos y características que lo conviertan en el tipo textual identificado
  • Escribir un texto de más de 100 palabras en el que des una definición y justificar respuesta.  
  1. Nosotros creemos que el texto es Literatura porque contiene la palabra escrita, es una narración de hecho, dentro de la cual encontramos una descripción y un diálogo entre otras.
  2. Un elemento esencial por el cual creemos que es literatura principalmente es el hecho de que se narran una serie de acontecimientos y la presencia de sus personajes llevándolos a cabo.
  3. Este texto pertenece a la literatura y debido a sus rasgos y características lo identificamos como una narración. Principalmente, está narración se caracteriza por el relato de sucesos y sus personajes participando en ellos.
  4. La Literatura puede definirse como un arte compuesto por la palabra, usualmente de manera escrita. La literatura es algo esencial para la cultura, ya que a través de la literatura se transmite conocimiento. La Literatura puede presentarse de varios modos, incluso de modo oral, ya que lo relevante es la presencia de la palabra y una narración de sucesos o hechos. El texto dado aparenta pertenecer a un cuento ya que representa un capítulo. Este mismo muestra comenzar como un diálogo, y termina convirtiéndose en una narración. En la misma podemos ver cómo se “relata” una serie de sucesos característico de la narración.
Publicado en literatura | Deja un comentario

Ensayo sobre los cuentos de Juan Rulfo

En clase, tras trabajar con el boom latinoamericano, el realismo mágico y algunos cuentos de Juan Rulfo, Camila nos dio la siguiente consigna de trabajo:

Escribir un ensayo argumentativo en el cual se justifique la relación de los cuentos de El llano en llamas, de Juan Rulfo, con la narrativa característica de los autores del boom latinoamericano.

Presentar al menos 3 argumentos.
Utilizar citas pertinentes.
Analizar ambos cuentos leídos en clase.
PRESENTACIÓN: en el blog, en una entrada independiente con título “Ensayo sobre los cuentos de Juan Rulfo”

IMPORTANTE: no confundir boom latinoamericano con realismo mágico.

 

 

Juan Rulfo es un muy famoso escritor Mexicano autor de los conocidos cuentos de El Llano en llamas pertenecientes al Boom Latinoamericano.El boom latinoamericano fue un fenómeno editorial el cual acabó mostrando al mundo la peculiar identidad de latinoamérica. Rulfo fue de gran importancia en este fenómeno y colaboró mucho para que latinoamérica se haga conocer cómo de verdad es. En este ensayo voy a justificar la relación de los cuentos de El llano en llamas con la narrativa característica de los autores del Boom Latinoamericano.

    

En primer lugar, podemos ver como los cuentos de El llano en llamas relacionan perfectamente con el Boom Latinoamericano, principalmente con el modo en que se presenta a latinoamérica. En sus cuentos, Rulfo hace mucho énfasis en la naturaleza latinoamericana, mostrando al mundo lo abundante que esta es, ya que representa de algún modo una fuerza. Esta cita tomada del cuento llamado Nos han dado la tierra, refleja bien el poder de la naturaleza: Con una gota de agua, muy grande que hace un agujero en la tierra… El boom consistió en dar a conocer al mundo la identidad Latinoamericana, es por esto que la gran mayoría de los cuentos pertenecientes al fenómeno hacen mucho énfasis en la fuerte creencia de la naturaleza como algo muy complejo. Rulfo logra transmitir esta idea en sus cuentos, al mostrar la naturaleza como una fuerza, abundante y poderosa, como lo es en América Latina. Es así como el modo en que Rulfo presenta a Latinoamérica y su naturaleza relaciona directamente con la narrativa característica del Boom Latinoamericano.

En segundo lugar, vemos la relación entre los cuentos y la narrativa del boom analizando el modo en cual se presenta a los personajes. Rulfo presenta a todos ellos como pobres y devastados, totalmente marginados. Ellos no pueden hacer nada más que seguir avanzando. No es que la pobreza sea característica del boom, sino que los procesos de conquista y colonización en latinoamérica lo son. En este contexto, muchos se veían perjudicados por lo que acababan en la pobreza y la miseria. Rulfo relaciona bien con esta característica del boom en sus cuentos, al darle contextos post revolucionarios a algunos de ellos, y reflejando las duras condiciones de vida en las que muchos vivían. Por ejemplo, en el cuento de Rulfo, Nos han dado la tierra, se refleja bien esta idea, al mostrar a 4 hombres absolutamente pobres intentando llegar a su tierra, sin nada más que hacer que seguir avanzando. Estos hombres perdieron todo, como muestra la cita: Nos sacaron los caballos junto con la carabina…..Pero no hay agua. Ni siquiera para hacer un buche hay agua. Creo que la cita deja en claro la idea de pobreza y marginalidad social vivida por los hombres del cuento, al igual que por muchos otros hombres en Latinoamérica.

En tercer y último lugar, los cuentos de Rulfo tienen una clara relación con el boom, basándose en el escenario que se presenta. En todos los cuentos del llano en llamas se puede ver la marcada presencia del gobierno con un rol negativo e injusto. Todos estos muestran bien una cruel opresión política en un contexto de guerra o post revolución y gran desigualdad. El contexto presentado por Rulfo hace clara referencia al contexto político de latinoamérica en la realidad, un contexto crítico donde abundaban las guerras civiles y las injusticias. En el cuento de Rulfo, La noche que lo dejaron solo, podemos ver que Rulfo hace clara referencia a esta idea de opresión política, al dar un contexto post revolución mexicana, mostrando como 3 hombres desesperanzados tratan de escapar para sobrevivir. Rulfo hace clara referencia al contexto político en latinoamérica en ese entonces, y muestra al mundo como este no era justo y verdaderamente no le importaba el pueblo. En esta cita podemos ver cómo el gobierno oprimía a aquellos que se le oponían, sin importar el daño que podían provocar a gente inocente: …Si no viene de hoy a mañana, acabalamos con el primero que pase y así se cumplirán las órdenes. Realmente, para los gobiernos latinoamericanos solo importaba que el trabajo se haga sin queja alguna, y no se veía importancia a las consecuencias. Esto es exactamente lo que Rulfo quiere mostrar a través de sus textos, relacionando directamente con la narrativa característica del boom.

 

En conclusión, yo creo que hay una clara relación entre los textos de Rulfo de El Llano en llamas con la narrativa característica de los autores del Boom Latinoamericano. Esto puede verse con el modo en que Rulfo escribe, con la intención de mostrar al mundo la identidad Latinoamericana, haciendo referencia al importante rol de la naturaleza, la pobreza como consecuencia de la colonización y la marcada opresión e injusticia política.

 

Publicado en 4AC2017, lengua, literatura | 1 comentario

History Last Virtual Period

In History, Julia gave as the following task as our last Virtual period assignment:

You have to do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800. Provide also a map of the network at the time. (You can/should establish a comparison with the network nowadays and/or with the network in England in the 1800).

 

-The Argentine Railway network was built by over 1855, at first with Argentine finance. Following the adoption of liberal economic policies by president Bartolomé Mitre, these railways were sold off to foreign private interests, consisting of mostly British companies, in what would be the first of many acts where the ideological climate of the time would define the fate of the Argentine railways. These sales also included Argentina’s first railway, the Buenos Aires Western, which was sold in 1890 to the British company New Western Railway of Buenos Aires for just over 8.1 million pounds.

In the years that followed, there were numerous cases of undervalued sales to British investors, which provoked much anti-British attitudes in the country. By 1910 the network was monopolised by British companies, owned by large finance firms.

Railway Network by 1800:

Railway Network now:

British Railway today:

-Now, The railway network has a size of over 36,966 Km, while during 1800 its size was around 9,690 km. Today,it is smaller than it once was, but still the 8th largest in the world. As the picture shows as well as the facts, during 1800 our railway network was expanding and growing a lot, reaching almost every province of the country. A lot of finance was being invested in the railway, which ended up raising a lot as well and calling the attention of the British.

Moreover, nowadays in Britain, the Railway network has a size of 15,799 kilometres. Also, some cities have separate rail-based mass transit systems. There are also several private railways. The British railway network is connected with that of continental Europe by an undersea rail link opened in 1994.

The railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world. Wagonways were built in Britain in the 1560s(In Argentina were built by 1855) and soon spread across the country.

Publicado en 4AC2017, history | Deja un comentario