Self-Reflection of The Year

-Prepare a last post in your blog with your reflections on your own learning.

With 2018 comimg to its end, I must Say that my first Thoughts towards The year, and The subject of language and literature, are very positive. It’s not what I learnt that Made me enjoy this year but it Was how I learnt it. Pato has been our teacher since junior 6, and it Was not until this year that I finally got to value her classes and The way she gives them. I have no doubt that she loves what she teaches, and that is why we love how she teaches.

In this subject, I learnt a lot, and not only did I expand my vocabulary, but also my culture. Thanks to Literature, I now know a Lot about different writers, their Styles, their History, etc. Not to mention, literature has also taught me to read behind lines, and capture not only what I am reading, but also what The writer wants to convey with his writing, what he is trying to express.

Moreover, with this subject I learnt a Lot about teamwork, and although I have always prefered working alone, I improved a Lot by working with others, as we were Constantly doing presentations or carrying out other tasks. We never had real problems with communication, as we know each other very well, and we know how each other works.

In addition, what I also loved about The subject this year, is that I had a Lot of fin learning, with activities such as The escape room which were entertaining as well as challenging.

The hardest part of The subject may be in my opinion The final paper that we have to write, which is long as well as hard, as a lot of analysis is required and we are The ones who decide how to direct The writing. This is something I also loved about The subject, that it provides a Lot of Freedom when choosing how to develop our tasks.

So, in conclusion, I believe that this year Was great, Was very positive. I have no doubts that I have acquired a Lot of new tools for The future, as although I may not have fun learning in university, I will be able to write a lot without problem, and I will have no trouble in analysing long texts and analysing The writer’s purpose.

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | 1 comentario

Literature Work- To Autumn

To Autumn-Bravo and Castagnino


-As we know, Autumn and Spring are different seasons in the year. In the season of Autumn, the signal is that summer is finally over, and leaves fall from trees. Although it may be a nice season, it is a season which conveys a bit of sadness, as summer representing happiness is gone, and now it’s time to re adapt to reality.

Spring, on the other hand, refers to the season in which winter ends, and it starts getting hotter and sunnier, representing rebirth, as leaves grow, plants grow, and new flowers emerge. Spring may be a happier season.


-First of all, the structure of both is very similar. The length of the verses are quite alike, the amount of these are similar too and the number of stanzas is the same.

Second, we can see how death is presented in different ways and places in both poems. In Ode on Melancholy, death is clearly presented in the first stanza while in To Autumn death appears in the last stanzas in a more fuzzy way, not as clear as in the first poem.

Also, both present nature and through it beauty. Ode to Melancholy refers to a rose while to autumn talk constantly about fruit.


-The song we chose is “Feeling Good” by Nina Simone. We chose this song as it constantly refers to nature, from the free animals to fruit blooming, and the feelings of the singer in order to it.


-For me, every season if the year has a hidden beauty that it’s just up to yourself whether you learn how to appreciate it or not.

I believe autumn may represent a melancholic and quite sad season, as it represents the end of summer, and so the end of being fully free, but still, for me it’s a necessary season, as in the end, we all must return to our routines and duties. As Autumn begins, we are forced to leave behind some summer friends, and get adapted to our realities once again, assuming our responsibilities. In autumn, I try to take advantage from the day as much as possible, as in a very near future, winter will eventually arrive, and days will get a lot shorter and colder.

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Trabajo Literatura- Grupo Base

Grupo base 5- Bravo, Costamagna y Frías

Biografía de Garcia Lorca

Prendimiento de Antoñito el Camborio en el camino de Sevilla

Antonio Torres Heredia,
hijo y nieto de Camborios,
con una vara de mimbre
va a Sevilla a ver los toros.
Moreno de verde luna
anda despacio y garboso.
Sus empavonados bucles
le brillan entre los ojos.
A la mitad del camino
cortó limones redondos,
y los fue tirando al agua
hasta que la puso de oro.
Y a la mitad del camino,
bajo las ramas de un olmo,
guardia civil caminera
lo llevó codo con codo.


El día se va despacio,
la tarde colgada a un hombro,
dando una larga torera
sobre el mar y los arroyos.
Las aceitunas aguardan
la noche de Capricornio,
y una corta brisa, ecuestre,
salta los montes de plomo.
Antonio Torres Heredia,
hijo y nieto de Camborios,
viene sin vara de mimbre
entre los cinco tricornios.

Antonio, ¿quién eres tú?
Si te llamaras Camborio,
hubieras hecho una fuente
de sangre con cinco chorros.
Ni tú eres hijo de nadie,
ni legítimo Camborio.
¡Se acabaron los gitanos
que iban por el monte solos!
Están los viejos cuchillos
tiritando bajo el polvo.

A las nueve de la noche
lo llevan al calabozo,
mientras los guardias civiles
beben limonada todos.
Y a las nueve de la noche
le cierran el calabozo,
mientras el cielo reluce
como la grupa de un potro.


Estructura y Formas:

El poema cuenta con 4 estrofas con verso libre.

Repetición del nombre completo de el personaje. No hay sistema de rima.



Lorca nos presenta a este hombre con nombre y apellidos y origen de su familia. Antonio va a disfrutar de la tarde de toros. Lorca también describe brevemente a este hombre, físicamente, refiriéndose a su pelo negro y sus ojos.

Sin embargo, Antonio no llega a la plaza. La guardia civil se lo lleva, uno a cada lado del hombro. La tarde se alarga, como la de una corrida de toros, y todo lo que le ocurre pasa cerca del mar. Los guardias civiles asustan a Antonio con los caballos, disparos, etc. Lo llevan al calabozo rodeado por más guardias y prisioneros.

Le dicen que no es un hijo ilegítimo ya que, de serlo, lo hubieran asesinado. Para la guardia civil no es nadie. Amenazan a los gitanos con matarlos si los ven solos para que tengan miedo. El poeta nos dice la hora a la que lo metieron preso. Para ellos es algo rutinario y siguen con lo suyo. Antonio se siente como un animal, enjaulado.

Desgraciadamente, el poeta nos ofrece un hecho cotidiano en aquellos tiempos. Nos pone nuevamente frente a la guardia civil, que era sinónimo de represión, de asesinatos, de miedo, que con total impunidad podía hacer o deshacer sin tener que dar parte a nadie. Por otro lado, también nos ofrece ese odio extremo que había hacia los gitanos y cómo no eran más que personas a las que dañar, incluso sin  motivos.

Esta crudeza que nos muestra García Lorca en estos versos se nos muestra también de una manera poética. Los métodos represivos utilizados por la guardia civil eran conocidos y el transmitirlos en verso no hacía otra cosa que poner por escrito lo que todo el mundo ya conocía, lo que muchas personas habían ya experimentado. Sin embargo Lorca da un paso más y nos lo presenta de una interesante manera.

Publicado en 5AC2018, lengua, literatura | Deja un comentario

Literature Work Journey

Journey by Patricia Grace

Bravo, Tasca, Millán, Quiroga, Allende and Reynal


Write briefly about the context (setting)
New Zealand
Maoris/Pakehas (their relationship to the land). Why do Maori spiritual beliefs favour burial over cremation?
Process of colonization and decolonization

-The story is settled in New Zealand, in the 1980s, in a context of post colonisation, where different tribes live together, such as the Maoris and Pakehas, who favour burial over cremation as for them land is sacred, and people must be forever attached to it. Although these tribes had lived in the country for very long, they are still unrespected and mistreated.


The story

Analysis on the story

Group work:

Answer the following questions in a google presentation (June 29)

1) What is the purpose of the old man’s journey?

-The purpose of his journey is to avoid his land being taken away from him, in order to fight for it to be kept by his family. A businessman wants to take his land away from him in order to build a parking Lot. In a way, this journey is kind of  metaphoric as in fact, it refers to this man’s life journey.


2) To what extent did the officials listen to the old man? Find a quote that supports your point of view and suggest what tone the remarks are made in.

The officials did not listen to the man at all.

“Get out old man, do you hear” the tone is cold and distant, they want him to leave.


3)‘And anyway Sir there’s no advantage do you think in you people all living in the same area.’ Why do the authorities think there isn’t any benefit to the family living close together?

This officials do not have the custom and the appreciation that  the maoris ( the old man ) have.

However, the young no longer have any special feeling for their land.


The Maoris had close emotional bonds with their land; personal land was always divided among the family; that way land stayed with the same family. Though the old man appreciates some of the new things that the authorities have introduced, he feels happiest when he sees things that remain “the same”. He cherishes old things and old friends.


4)‘Why does the old man want to be cremated instead of buried?


He wants to be cremated because he believes that burying someone is not longer safe as materialistic Industrialists may dig up his bones and transfer it somewhere else.


5) How do the opening two paragraphs and the closing passage from ‘They were quiet wondering if he would say anything else,…’ reflect the Uncle’s changing mood?


At the beginning of the story the man is optimistic and excited about his journey to town, where he attempts to claim the land that belongs to him to his family even before his death. After he comes back, he is really frustrated and disappointed as he realized that all what Pakehas think all the time is about development, where they change to make the land suitable for housing and railway and make the natural patterns be are altered forever.


6) Why do you think the story concludes with Uncle ‘looking at the palm of his hands’

The fact that the old man looks at the palms of his hands while sitting on his bed is something important. By looking at his hands he may again realise how physically and symbolically powerless he actually is. Earlier in the story he wanted to hit Paul with his hands but knew that he no longer had the power.


7) Grace employs a motif of blindness / sight throughout the story, why do you think?‘


‘Yes he knows all about those things, he’s not deaf and blind yet, not only by a long shot.’
’…they’ve got the name of the canoes spelt wrong, his old eyes aren’t as blind as that.’

‘His eyes are still good enough to look all over the paper and see his land there, and to see that his land has been shaded in and ‘Off Street Parking’ printed on it.


  • I believe this is done with purpose of conveying different facts. Firstly, this sense of blindness is used by Grace to show how old the old man was, and in a way weak and vulnerable, as he was alone and did not have a good sight, what conveys pity as well. Furthermore, I believe this is used as well to show how amusing the land was, as in a way they were so great and important that where too much for the human eye and may blind the old man’s eye. Finally Grace may have used this sense of blindness to show how mentally blind the old man was, as he couldn’t realize he had nothing to do in his journey but to admire nature and land one more time, as in fact, he was alone in his struggle to save his land, had no real support, and had no real chance against those ambitious businessmen. Still, he moved on and couldn’t see he had already lost.


7) Why do you think Grace gave the ‘a’ in admiration a capital letter in this phrase; ‘..and roadways threading up and round the hills to layer on layer of houses, even in the highest and steepest places. He was filled with admiration. Filled with Admiration…but yes he was filled right to the top-it made him tired taking it all in.’?


The author, gave a capital letter to emphasize the irony, because he is not really feeling that admiration.


8) Comment closely on the ending of the story.


-Finally, The old man is treated as a fool and returns home lost and hands empty, as he has failed in his, maybe futulous attempt of maintaining his land and not losing against the businessmen. In the end, the old man achieved nothing and disappointed not only himself but his family, as he wasn’t able to maintain his land in his family. We may say that in a way he failed towards his tribe, as he wasn’t able to protect his own land, considered sacred.


  • Extension Questions (July 4)

    a. Write at least two sentences on how the old man views the land and the way the Pakeha have ‘developed it’?  Do embed a short quote into each sentence.


  • Land, what a glorious thing to dedicate time to. Its rich in life… I can’t imagine what life could have been before, without the interfering of this Pakehas. ‘Funny people these pakehas, had to chop up everything. Couldn’t talk to a hill or a tree these people, couldn’t give the trees or the hills a name and make them special and leave them. Couldn’t go round, only through. Couldn’t give life, only death.’
  • When I go burn me up. No one’s going to mess about with me when I’m gone”. The old man sees land as something fully sacred and divine, something that must be respected and adored, but for him, this land has been unrespected, and the government has damaged it, that’s why he believes that the land he knew was now gone, and he did not really belong to it anymore. In addition, he could not protect his own land, so he may not deserve to be buried In it.


  1. Use the quotes below / overleaf, or others from the text and your knowledge of the old man’s character to write at least two sentences on what kind of person he is. Do include an embedded quote in each sentence.

-The old man is a very honorable and devoted person, as he tries hard and does everything he can in order to save his land, honour his tribe and fights to retain the land for his family, although he fails. “Yes, he knows this place like his own big toe…”


– The old man may be stubborn person, as well as an old fashion one, as he takes too long to understand that he had no real chance of protecting his land and defeating the business man. He cannot understand he had already failed. “but people have to have houses”.

  1. What is your opinion on how Grace has structured the story: consider the physical journey, opening and ending taxi rides, and the reader’s journey
    In my opinion, Grace gives with the structure of the story the messages of the story an also build up the themes and tones of the characters. With the taxi rides the old man notices the changes of everything, The difference that time has brought. As a reader we follow the old man journey as more as a physical journey, as a soul journey, were he completes his transition and ends up understanding that he had failed saving his land.

Individual work: choose an option to write an essay

1.Discuss the narrator’s character in ‘Journey’ by Patricia Grace, to what extent do you sympathise with his attitude to the land?
2. How does Grace make you feel about the elderly narrator in Journey?

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Futility, Literature presentation

With my partners Juan Cruz and Salvador we developed the following presentation about futility a poem written by Wilfred Owen.



Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

History Work-Radio Programme


Part A.

Make 3/4 questions to your interviewee. Provide the answers to your questions. Make sure your questions are a reflection of the times, the political, social and economic context as well as a clear example of the character that is being interviewed.

Part B.

Get together with those in your same area: Inventions – The Art – Society.

Together with those in your same area, prepare an opinion panel on ONE of the following:

  1. The role of women.
  2. Changes in health.
  3. Working conditions.
  4. Religion.
  5. The Arts.

Part C.

Make a jingle to use as a separation between the two parts of the radio programme. Make sure your jingle is on a topic related to the times of the Industrial Revolution.



I first worked with Lucía Frías and did an interview to the historical chracter we had previously chosen: Friedrich Engels. In the interview we asked her several questions related to his whole life, and his origins and achievements as a communist leader.

-Mr. Engels, it is a pleasure to have you in our program!

+It is a pleasure to be here.

-You were invited here to talk about your life and communism… So, we would love to know about your family and your background. Where were you born?

+I  was born on 28 November 1820 in Barmen, Prussia. I lived with my protestant parents.


– Don’t you find being an atheist and having religious parents ironic?


+I don’t think so. My family is also very wealthy because they own a cotton textile manufacturer. When I was 17, I dropped out of school, and my father forced me to work in an office. They tried to instill me their values and their appreciation for money.


-And how did they react towards your revolutionary acts?


+They were very disappointed and they could not believe it. You previously asked about the irony of contradicting my parents’ belief. My answer for that, is that when you try very hard to transform someone into something that you want, that person will rebel due to the pressure.


-That is a very good point! Now, please tell us a bit about this book you wrote, The Communist Manifesto. What is it about?


+ Well, firstly, I believe is important to know that this book was written not only by me but also by my dear friend, Karl Marx. In our manifesto, we show the world the essence of the communist ideology, and our ideas of how to change the world, and work together towards equality and justice. With this book, Karl and I are leaving a great legacy behind, when we die, Communism will still be alive in our followers, and the communist manifesto will become a sacred text, as our beliefs will forever be on it.


-Interesting. Now, to conclude, you seem to have great respect and admiration for Marx. Could you tell us what he represents for you?


+Well, Karl is more than a friend to me, he is a role model, someone I idolize, maybe a mentor. He is very important for me, as in a way he took me where I am now, and introduced me to a whole new world, the world of communism, equality and justice.


-Perfect! you are a very brave and interesting person Mr. Engels, thank you very much.


+No, thank you.

Publicado en 5AC2018, history | Deja un comentario

Trabajo Historia- Grupo B Rusia 2018

Esta es mi presentación de historia, sobre los países que integran el grupo B del mundial de Rusia 2018. Yo trabajé con Felix Okecki, Salvador Castagnino y Juan Cruz Subirá.

Grupo B

Publicado en 5AC2018, historia | Deja un comentario

Language Work-Describing Places

-Describe the places in detail

-Describe the situation (use your imagination) and the feelings of the people.

-Think about the mood

Post your text in the blog.

Photo 5

Photo 6

I chose photos 5 and 6. I believe photo 5 is about a young man, probably in his twenties, who goes to a hard university, and has chosen a difficult career. This man, let’s call him of tom,seems to be a smart but lazy man, who is having an important test pretty soon, but was too lazy to study with time, and now he has to study late at night, in order to obtain a good mark.

As the photo shows, Tom is not too lonely as well, as he is in his home, wit many booklets and more then just one computer. Tom seems to be very exhausted, too burdened and discouraged, and seems to have complications with his studying, as he conveys an interesting mood of exhaustment and boreness, as he is falling asleep in his own table. In addition, the table is full of coffee as well, making emphasis to the mood the image presents, and the fact that Tom is very tired and accompanied, showing as well how coffe acted for him as a “motivator” or a tool to remain awake.

On the other hand, I believe photo 6 can be linked with 5,  as it can be seen as a university campus. The atmosphere seems to be a friendly but tense one, as the place is crowded, people are kind of divided in groups of friends, as each of them seems to be focusing probably in an exam. Moreover, we can say that the season of the year is probably winter in the image, as everybody is wearing many clothes. Also, the place seems to be very modern, for students to easily access, study and get entertained as well.Finally, going back to Tom, who seemed tired and tense in image 5, we could interpret he is now with his friends here in the university campus. He may have already finished his test, and probably he had done well, and now just wants to relax in the campus, in a cold, but friendly and relaxing atmosphere.

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | 1 comentario

Language Work-Vocabulary

Together with Tin Reynal, Salvador Castagnino and Felix Okecki we made the following mindmap:

Publicado en 5AC2018, Language & literature | Deja un comentario

Friedrich Engels-History activity

In history With my partner Lulu Frías, we created a fake Instagram about the famous German communist Friedrich Engels.



Publicado en 5AC2018, history | Deja un comentario